In this remaining part of this series, we now introduce the last of the 10
foundations to our study of the 7 heads and 10 horns on the beast shown in
Revelation 17. As readers will know by now, all of these represent specific
kings and kingdoms in what we have called the age-old Man-Satan Collusion.
With this last foundation in place, we will state our case for the
identities of the 7 heads.
As the Bible states that all of these kings in one form or another will be
in existence in the Last Days, we will conclude with our thoughts as to the
relevance of this topic to Christians and Jews living on earth today. We are
definitely living in a time where the finalprophecies involving the 7 heads
and 10 horns are very near. The geopolitical outlook for the world indeed
stands to be very tumultuous soon.
(Please note that
we adopted a few naming conventions in this study. For the sake of
expediency, we agreed to name the 7 historical kings that are shown as 7
heads on the beast of Revelation 17as the Ruler Kings (RK); and the last-day
10 kings (shown as the 10 horns) as the 10K.)
10. What does the Bible mean by its imagery of “beasts”?
The word “beast” is mentioned 40 times in Revelation and 8 times in Daniel.
These are the only two books in the Bible that use the terminology of
“beast” with respect to prophecy. In total, there are 8 beasts shown in
Bible prophecy, 6 in Daniel and 2 in Revelation.
Babylon once (Daniel 7); Greece and Persia twice (Daniel 7 and 8); Rome once
(Daniel 7); the 7-headed creature, three times (Revelation 12, 13, 17); and
the second beast (False Prophet) once (Revelation 13).
However, the term “beast” receives much wider usage in prophecy than to
refer to these 8 different prophetic images.
Therefore, one must be careful not to confuse the meanings of the word
beast. “Beast” has at least three meanings in Bible prophecy, and always
only applies to an entity that is inhabited by Satan or Satan himself (also
called the “dragon”). Firstly, we see that the satanically-driven Man-Satan
Collusion, comprised of 7 hegemonic kingdoms of Hebrew history (shown 3
times in Revelation), is called a beast. Also, the individual Ruler Kings
are also shown as beasts in Daniel. We have amply documented these passages
several times in Parts 1 to III of this series.
The second use of the word beast pertains to Satan himself. For example,
the beast that comes up from the Abyss will attack them, and overpower and
kill them” (Revelation 11:7).
Thirdly, the term
(“the beast”) refers to the personified Satan in the human body called the
Antichrist. He is also called a “beast” (and a number of other names). An
example of this usage is found in Revelation 17:11:
“The beast who once was, and now is not, is an eighth king. He belongs to
the seven and is going to his destruction.” There are several other examples
in this same chapter.
As such, one must always note the context in which the term beast is used.
But, just why are these images shown as beasts? Could they not have been
shown in different forms? Could a different word have described the
There is one thing about beasts which does not necessary apply to humans.
humans have the opportunity for eternal life (with the exception of angels).
Therefore, the prophets see these blasphemous, ungodly kings, kingdoms and
peoples—which are sinful, bestial, and unreasoning as “beasts”—as animals.
They are said to be unreasoning … whether kings, kingdoms or peoples.
Apostle Peter borrows this perspective from the Old Testament (Psalm 49:12,
20), when he says this about false teachers: “But these people blaspheme in
matters they do not understand. They are like unreasoning animals, creatures
of instinct, born only to be caught and destroyed, and like animals they too
will perish” (2 Peter 2:12).
Anything destined to perish is either a beast (an animal) or unreasoning as
an animal. The Antichrist will
also be slain. “[…]
the beast was slain and its body destroyed and thrown into the blazing fire”
The First Two Kings Unveiled
Now,finally that we have all the foundations in place, we can turn our
attention to the 7 kings. However, if you do not agree with any of the 10
foundations and perspectives that we have reviewed to this point,we will
likely be parting ways (although, we would welcome hearing of any
Bible-based counter theories).
Who are the first two Ruler Kings? If Babylon is the 3rd kingdom
in the 7-king lineage shown by the Apostle John, then who are the first and
prior 2 that would fit into the world’s lineage of the oppressors of the
Frankly, the Bible only offers three plausible candidates that were in power
before Babylon in the Bible: Egypt, Assyria and the Philistines. However,
only two meet all of the 7 traits common to the rest of the Ruler Kings,
most expressly, oppressing Israel. (Another nation candidate, although
unlikely, is Tyre).
Much Scripture is preoccupied with the three nations of Egypt, Assyria and
Philistia and their interactions with Israel. For example, the word
Philistine (and its derivatives) is mentioned 276 times in the Bible; Egypt
(and its derivatives) 793 times; and Assyria, 144 times.But which two of
these three qualify as the 1st and 2nd heads of the
beast? Just what additional indications does Scripture provide? Consider the
1. “For this is what the Sovereign LORD says: ‘At first my people went down
to Egypt to live; lately, Assyria has oppressed them’” (Isaiah 52:4).
2. “Therefore this is what the Lord, the LORD Almighty, says: ‘My people who
live in Zion, do not be afraid of the Assyrians, who beat you with a rod and
lift up a club against you, as Egypt did’” (Isaiah 10:24).
3. “We submitted to Egypt and Assyria to get enough bread” (Lamentations
4. “Israel is a scattered flock that lions have chased away. The first to
devour them was the king of Assyria; the last to crush their bones was
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon” (Jeremiah 50:17).
We see Assyria and Egypt being jointly referenced as oppressors and
persecutors of the Hebrews in the first three verses.If there was any doubt
about Assyria’s candidacy, Jeremiah leaves no doubt, definitely categorizing
them with the Ruler King, Babylon.The Philistines are not in this same
company. Why? The Philistines, though they had been a frequent foe of
Israel, were not in the same league as Egypt and Assyria at their apex. The
Philistines never completely vanquished the Israelites nor controlled the
Middle East. They were considered “sea peoples” and were never rulers of the
then known world. Moreover, King David and his troops were at one time even
mercenaries with the Philistines, supposedly fighting against King Saul’s
army. Philistia does not appear to qualify as one of the 7 heads.
Studying Scriptures, we conclude that Egypt and Assyria, respectively, are
the 1st and 2nd heads of the 7-headed beast. There are
no other viable candidates in our view. The likely remaining 5, as
mentioned,are Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome, and the Roman 10-king
coalition. All of these nations, in one form or another, continue to exist
today, or have left their legacies and influences upon successive societies.
Just what might these be?
Common Legacies of the Ruler Kings Prevailing Today
Just as the great harlot sitting upon a seven-headed beast would be the
marker of the apostate and adulterous spirit seducing all of the seven Ruler
Kings—the same source of false religion and paganism—we can draw a similar
construction from the composite beast shown in Revelation 13. If a spiritual
heritage of seven world kingdoms is documented through one “whore” riding on
the back of a seven-headed beast in Revelation 17, then we may legitimately
inquire whether the depiction of the composite beast in Revelation 13 also
provides a key to the historic links of the four prior world regimes with
the last form of the Roman-based kingdom today.
As we have already argued, the beast of Revelation 13:1-2 is the same as
shown in Revelation 17. Both have seven heads, ten crowns, and 10 horns, and
have written upon them words of blasphemy. However, importantly, historic
lineage is highlighted in the Chapter 13 account. “And the beast which I saw
was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as
the feet of a bear, and his
mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his
seat, and great authority” (Revelation 13:2).
This beast has characteristics from the Grecian empire (the leopard), the
bear (Medo-Persia) and lion (Babylon), and the terrible beast (Rome), all
mentioned in Daniel 7. We therefore see a composite of the characteristics
of these four Ruler Kings in the Revelation 13 image. This, we interpret,
represents the legacies of these four societies reflected in our world
today. What could they be?
Starting with the earliest kingdom, here are some possible connections.
Accomplished historians, no doubt, will see many more connections than we
can present. To help avoid any spuriousspeculations, we will try to support
each with at least one aligning Scripture.
research shows that Babylon was the mother of modern day commercialism and
many financial concepts that we still use today. Its preoccupation with
wealth produced the first “gilded age”—after all, it was shown as the head
of gold in Daniel’s vision of the tall statue (Daniel 2). The “gilded age”
of the late-nineteenth century certainly didn’t compare. Nearly all of the
documents recovered from that early Babylonian era refer to commerce. The
concepts of banking, compound interest, promissory notes and even mutual
funds derive from that time.
Even its numerical system based on the number 60 (the sexagesimal system
which extends back to earlier Sumerian cultures) is still deeply imbedded in
our society. We still count 360 degrees in a circle and in trigonometry.
Until not too long ago, a 360 day cycle was still considered the financial
year for purposes of calculating interest.
The word “dozen” is the Babylonian word for “a fifth,” meaning one-fifth of
sixty. Twelve is a prominent number probably because it was based upon the
12 moon cycles per year. We still count 60 minutes to the hour; 60 seconds
to the minute. From these and other connections, we see that the lion
remains the head of gold today. The same “commercial culture” will be (and
is) the hallmark of the last-day society of the beast (Zechariah 5:5-11;
most significant contribution of the Persians was the principle of
tolerance. The figure of Cyrus has survived throughout history as the role
model of an ideal ruler. Though a conqueror, he was tolerant and
magnanimous. In like fashion, Darius I and Xerxes I, and later Persians
rulers were considered to be quite liberal.
The attitude of tolerance is certainly evident in the Bible’s account of
Cyrus. He was moved to fund the rebuilding of the Jewish temple (Ezra 1:2).
He provided a grant for this humanitarian project, which involved a
different people with a religion not his own (Ezra 3:7). Cyrus even returned
some of the temple treasures that had been carted out of Jerusalem and the
temple by the Babylonians decades earlier.
What reigning powers in history ever considered offering recompense to those
that they conquered? If that is the key characteristic symbolized by the
Medo-Persian “bear,” then it certainly does apply to our time. If it were
not so, how could it have ever been possible for the Jews to again be
restored to their own land in 1948, after almost two thousand years of
Greece is the source of much humanism. Its ancient society placed a high
value upon human reasoning and philosophy. That was still the case during
New Testament times. Paul often debated Greek thinkers, notably
at Mars Hill (Acts 17). He later tells us that “Jews demand miraculous signs
and Greeks look for wisdom, but we preach Christ crucified: a stumbling
block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles (1 Corinthians 1:22-23). Here we
see Apostle Paul confirming that the god of the Greeks was human logic. Paul
also held “discussions daily in the lecture hall of Tyrannus” (Acts 19:9)
for over two years. Tyrannus was a Greek teacher and sophist whose school
was in Ephesus. To the Greeks, the very fact that something might be
incomprehensible could only be referred to the Unknown God. Paul showed them
that all ways higher than man’s were attributable to God (Isaiah 55:9).The
supposed wisdom of humanity precludes the move of the Spirit and rejects the
“impossibilities” of God’s ways. This Hellenistic emphasis upon science and
naturalism rules our society today.
There are other Greek cultural legacies that still mark our world. Democracy
is a prevalent organizational form politically worldwide today (its origin
found in ancient Greece). Democracy, assuredly a human system with many good
facilities, still harbors the fatal flaw that will enable a
spiritually-blind world to willingly allow the Antichrist to come to power.
And, of course, we cannot forget the Olympics which are also of Greek
origin, the highest celebration of human physical achievement.
All Western society and, crucially, all transnational global institutions
existing today find their roots in the Roman Empire. From Roman law, civil
organization, military techniques to many other influences, the Advanced
Nations of the world today—which are still, though waningly, controlling
world affairs—remain essentially Roman. We need not spend much time
documenting this phenomenon. Rome was a ferocious, military beast two
thousand years ago. Today’s revived Roman-derived rule, militarily,
economically and financially, is a beast even more ferocious. It is stamping
much of the world under its feet (Daniel 7:7, 19).
What about the influences of Assyria and Egypt?
Did Assyria or Egypt leave any legacies to the world, as we have proposed
for the five later Ruler Kings? These, if any, are not depicted in the
composite of morphological features of the beast of Revelation 13or their
description in the Bible. Therefore, we must conclude that the Bible did not
wish to imply such connections.
Were we to speculate, however, we would point to the economic rapaciousness
and brutality of the Assyrians. The prophet Nahum prophesied that “You
have increased the number of your merchants till they are more numerous than
the stars in the sky, but like locusts they strip the land and then fly
3:16). Also, the Antichrist that is yet to come is identified as the
Assyrian. As for Egypt, we would point to the totalitarian plutocracy and
enslavement of its economic system that is introduced following the 7 fat
years, shown in the story of Joseph.Taken together, this would imply a
rapacious economic environment, combined with a widening wealth skew during
the Last Days. Again, these are only unsupported thoughts. Given this
writer’s vocational background, it would be no surprise that to the
carpenter the solution to every problem would be a hammer and a nail.
We may not realize that our society remains the offspring of our ancestor
societies. We have reviewed four such societies mentioned by Daniel. A vast
global commercialism is rapidly ensnaring the world into a controlled entity
(Babylon the Great of Revelation 18). Tolerance and secular global
humanitarian campaigns are spreading humanism and pluralism ever deeper into
the mindset of mankind. Democracy is furthering its reaches across the
world, and human logic and technological advancements prompt many to deny
the existence of God. All taken together, in the absence of a fear for God
and in the rejection of Jesus Christ, this mobilizes a fearsome, ferocious
beast that is actually taking greater numbers of people into bondage, and is
variously persecuting those that believe upon the Word of God.
Points to Ponder
To contrast the Bible’s accounts of all the beasts, we can look to the image
of the 4 creatures that are shown in Ezekiel 1. He sees “[ …]
what looked like four living creatures. In appearance their form was human”
(Ezekiel 1:5). While the beasts representing theRuler King hegemons are
shown as worldly, bestial and non-benevolent, God’s kingdom is shown to give
praise to the Lord “[…]
the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD” (Ezekiel 1:28).
Our study of the beasts of Daniel and Revelation yields crucial conclusions
and urgent perspectives. Though some may indeed think that these visions
cannot be deciphered and therefore give vent to nothing more that
speculation, our study of Scripture shows that this is not the case. The
Holy Spirit put these visions into the Bible for a reason. Our generation of
Christians isthe intended beneficiary. Including the objectives mentioned in
Part I, the takeaways are as follows:
Scripture definitely speaks to end time geopolitical trends.
Firstly, these images give Bible-studying Christians—even more so the
Jews—an ability to accurately determine the “season” of the world.
An understanding of this topic better prepares the Christian to identify the
prophetic “season.”There will be no excuse for not having known in advance
the Bible’s admonitions, teachings and prophecies (Romans 1:20).
An awareness of the significance of the beasts provides a bulwark against
deception. The Last Days are reckoned as deceptive—and expressly so the
last-day ruler and the Dragon (Satan)—and a trap.
believe that these deception times are already upon us today. Are you
ready?Our enemy is the father of lies and deception (John 8:44). He
is full of trickery and intends to deceive the whole world. If you are a
believer and you have studied the Bible intently, you will not be so easily
We must remember that the visions of the beast were first given by Daniel,
the prophet that spoke directly to the Hebrews. Daniel’s message to them is
that anything having to do with any of the heads and kings of his visions is
not to be trusted. All, at one point or another, persecute the Jews. Sadly,
this also will include America and Canada, the European Union … etc.
Not only are the 10K kings relevant to our time to today, but also “all” of
the 7 Ruler Kings. The visions of the world’s 7 RK apply to today. All of
them will be in existence and on the world scene during the Last Days. The
prophet Daniel says that it will be “In
the time of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will
never be destroyed”
The Dragon does influence and inhabit the nations of mankind. Please stop to
think about the demonic activity of “princes”that must be going on around
the key power nexus points of the world. America would be no exception.
Satan knows where he can leverage his efforts best.
Our study shows that globalism is not the last state of geopolitical
affairs. While it is prophesied, it is nevertheless superseded by
multipolarism (the state of the world today), then minilateralism (what we
see as the rule of the 10 kings), and finally autocracy (the Antichrist),
before the new David rules in the Millennium.
Our study yields additional conclusions. Nowhere in the Bible did we
discover any indication that the Man-Satan Collusion would ever be won over
to Christ before the Messiah appears and intervenes in wrath. The end to all
of these human kingdoms occurs forcefully. There is no passive handover of a
Christian world to the Messiah when he comes. This means that all the
teachings of movements likeReconstructionism, the Manifest Sons of God, and
others of similar persuasion, are false. Such views are not Scriptural.
Also, the conclusions of this study do not at all align with Preterist
perspectives. With this teaching, by necessity the 7 heads and the 10 horns
must already be in the past. Scripture must either be “spiritualized” away,
or the identities of the 7 kingdoms and10 nations and kings cannot be
Again, we note that the Antichrist does not precede
the final 10 kings. He comes after. As such, the often histrionic
predictions about the emergence of the Antichrist and Israel’s 7-year peace
treaty with him, are mostly out of place. The 10 kings have not yet emerged.
Like no other period, our time today fits the picture of the composite beast
of Revelation 13, which portrays the key characteristics of Babylon,
Medo-Persia, Greece and Rome. The alignments seem compelling. An intense
commercial and materialist culture has emerged upon the world. Mankind is
eating and drinking without much concern, just as Belshazzar did before the
fall of Babylon. Israel is again returning to its land as it did during the
reign of Persia once before.
In the name of tolerance, the world has institutionalized its intolerance of
Truth and the one and only Way. The Hellenizers are again at the forefront,
promoting humanism in all its forms, denying the need for salvation and the
real God. And, most significantly, Jesus Christ is again expected to appear
as He did during the first and ancient rule of Rome.
Are we not already living near the time of the beast of Revelation 12, 13,
and 17? We must conclude that the stage of the ten kings is at the very
doorstep. As such, were we to tarry much longer before the Lord’s return,
geopolitical changes can be expected to be very rapid and sudden. Most
encouragingly, we take heart that the return of the Messiah to collect his
Bride and to meet them in the air is imminent. Maranatha.
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is a global economist/strategist. Formerly a top-ranked global analyst,
research director for a major Wall Street investment bank, and head of
Canada’s largest global investment operation, his writings focus on the
endtime roles of money, economics and globalization. He has been quoted
around the world and his writings reproduced in numerous other publications
and languages. His 2002 book The Endtime Money Snare: How to live free
accurately anticipated and prepared its readers for the Global Financial
Crisis. His newest book, Global Financial Apocalypse Prophesied:
Preserving true riches in an age of deception and trouble, looks further
into the future.